Real Estate Investing·

Exploring Company Structures for Real Estate Investment Efficiency

Discover how using specific company structures such as BVs and CVs can optimize taxation and inheritance planning for real estate investments.

Exploring Company Structures for Real Estate Investment Efficiency

Real estate investors often face high taxation on rental income and potential issues with inheritance taxes. Intelligent planning using company structures can provide substantial tax benefits and streamline inheritance processes. This article delves into why and how investors use Besloten Vennootschappen (BVs) and Commanditaire Vennootschappen (CVs) to enhance their investment outcomes.

The Challenges of Box 3 Taxation

Traditionally, rental properties were taxed in Box 3 as passive investments, leading to issues such as the taxation of fictitious income with limited mortgage interest deductions. For instance, a property valued at €500,000 with a similar mortgage would face a tax on a presumed income of €20,000 at a rate that has recently increased from 32% to 36%.

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Estate Tax Considerations

At the end of an investor's life, the properties might have appreciated in value, but this increase can lead to hefty estate taxes for the heirs, potentially necessitating the sale of the properties to cover these taxes.

Incorporating a BV for Real Estate

A Besloten Vennootschap (BV) is a type of private company with limited liability that can be used to manage real estate investments effectively. By transferring rental properties into a BV, investors can mitigate the direct impact of Box 3 taxes and prepare for easier transfer of these assets to heirs, subject to only 10.4% transfer tax, significantly less than potential future estate taxes.

The Role of Commanditaire Vennootschap (CV)

A CV, or limited partnership, offers another layer of flexibility. Investors can gradually transfer economic ownership of properties to their children through a CV, achieving significant tax savings by keeping the transfer value below €150,000 annually, thereby minimizing gift and transfer taxes.

Combining BV and CV Structures

For optimal tax efficiency and control, combining BV and CV structures allows investors to sell and gift portions of property while retaining legal ownership and control over rental and sale decisions. This hybrid approach can be advantageous for managing both current taxes and future inheritance issues.

Setting up and managing these company structures requires careful legal and fiscal planning. Collaborating with specialized attorneys and tax advisors can ensure that the structures are correctly implemented and managed in accordance with the law.


Real estate investors looking to optimize their tax situation and prepare for future inheritance issues may find substantial benefits in using BVs and CVs. These structures not only provide tax advantages but also enhance the flexibility and control investors have over their properties.

For detailed advice and management of these structures, consulting with specialized legal and fiscal experts is recommended.

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